# Numbers that start with zero

yourbasic.org/golang

What’s going on with the counting in this example?

```
const (
Century = 100
Decade = 010
Year = 001
)
// The world's oldest person, Emma Morano, lived for a century,
// two decades and two years.
fmt.Println("She was", Century+2*Decade+2*Year, "years old.")
```

She was 118 years old.

## Answer

`010`

is a number in **base 8**, therefore it means 8, not 10.

Integer literals in Go are specified in octal, decimal or hexadecimal.
The number 16 can be written as `020`

, `16`

or `0x10`

.

Literal | Base | Note |
---|---|---|

`020` |
8 | Starts with `0` |

`16` |
10 | Never starts with `0` * |

`0x10` |
16 | Starts with `0x` |

* `0`

is an octal literal in Go.

An integer literal is a sequence of digits representing an integer constant. An optional prefix sets a non-decimal base: 0 for octal, 0x or 0X for hexadecimal. The Go Programming Language Specification: Integer literals