# Find element in slice/array with linear or binary search

## Linear search

Go doesn’t have an out-of-the-box linear search function for slices and arrays.
Here are two example **linear search** implementations, which
you can use as templates.

```
// Find returns the smallest index i at which x == a[i],
// or len(a) if there is no such index.
func Find(a []string, x string) int {
for i, n := range a {
if x == n {
return i
}
}
return len(a)
}
// Contains tells whether a contains x.
func Contains(a []string, x string) bool {
for _, n := range a {
if x == n {
return true
}
}
return false
}
```

## Binary search

If the array is sorted, you can use a binary search instead.
This will be much more efficient, since binary search runs in worst-case logarithmic time,
making ** O(log n)** comparisons, where

*n*is the size of the slice.

There are the three custom binary search functions:
`sort.SearchInts`

,
`sort.SearchStrings`

or
`sort.SearchFloat64s`

.

They all have the signature

`func Search`**Type**(a []**Type**, x **Type**) int

and return

- the smallest index
`i`

at which`x <= a[i]`

- or
`len(a)`

if there is no such index.

The slice must be sorted in **ascending order**.

```
a := []string{"A", "C", "C"}
fmt.Println(sort.SearchStrings(a, "A")) // 0
fmt.Println(sort.SearchStrings(a, "B")) // 1
fmt.Println(sort.SearchStrings(a, "C")) // 1
fmt.Println(sort.SearchStrings(a, "D")) // 3
```

### Generic binary search

There is also a **generic binary search** function `sort.Search`

.

```
func Search(n int, f func(int) bool) int
```

It returns

- the smallest index
`i`

at which`f(i)`

is true, - or
`n`

if there is no such index.

It requires that `f`

is false for some (possibly empty) prefix
of the input range and then true for the remainder.

This example mirrors the one above, but uses the generic `sort.Search`

instead of `sort.SearchInts`

.

```
a := []string{"A", "C", "C"}
x := "C"
i := sort.Search(len(a), func(i int) bool { return x <= a[i] })
if i < len(a) && a[i] == x {
fmt.Printf("Found %s at index %d in %v.\n", x, i, a)
} else {
fmt.Printf("Did not find %s in %v.\n", x, a)
}
// Output: Found C at index 1 in [A C C].
```

### Further reading

## The map option

If you are doing repeated searches and updates, you may want to use a map
instead of a slice.
A map provides lookup, insert, and delete operations in ** O(1)**
expected amortized time.